The tongue is usually injured by being bitten accidentally. Because the tongue and mouth usually have a large blood supply from the body, bleeding in these areas can be profuse. However, most tongue injuries can be treated with simple first aid. X Trusted Source University of Rochester Medical Center Visit source Many tongue sores heal completely without problems. X Research sources Learn what you need to pay attention to and how to treat minor tongue sores.
Performing First Aid
Calm the injured person. Tongue and mouth injuries are common in children, who need reassurance. Tongue injuries are usually very painful and frightening; calm anyone who is injured. You will also find it easier to do first aid for the person’s tongue.
Clean and protect your hands. Before touching or helping anyone with a tongue injury, wash your hands to prevent infection. Also wear medical gloves because exposure to blood can transmit disease.
Help the injured person sit up. Sit the injured person upright, then bend his body and head forward. Thus, blood will flow out of the mouth and not be swallowed. Do not swallow blood as it may cause vomiting. Sit the person with the head bowed forward so that the blood is not swallowed.
Watch the wound. Tongue wounds will indeed bleed a lot. However, you need to pay close attention to the depth and size of the wound. If the tongue sore is superficial, you can do home remedies.
However, if it is deep or more than 1 cm, you should seek medical attention immediately.
If your tongue is injured by something punctured, take it to a doctor immediately.
If you notice that there is a foreign object stuck in the wound, take it to the doctor immediately.
Apply pressure. Use gauze or a clean cloth to apply pressure to the wound area for about 15 minutes. Thus, the bleeding will stop. If blood is seeping through the cloth, add the cloth, without removing the first one you put on.
Prepare ice. Wrap the ice cubes in a clean, thin cloth. Then, apply the ice pack to the injured area. These ice packs help reduce bleeding and pain.
Apply the ice pack to the wound for no more than 3 minutes per application.
You can do this ten times a day.
Injured people may also crush ice cubes or hold ice cubes in their mouth.
To make it more appealing to children, you can also use sweet frozen ice.
This ice treatment should only be performed on the first day of injury.
Make sure your hands and the cloth you use are clean.
Gargle. One day after the injury, gargle with a warm salt water mixture. This can be done up to six times per day.
This way, your wound stays clean.
Continue dental care as usual. If the tooth is not injured, you can continue with normal dental care, for example by brushing your teeth. Make sure you don’t hurt your teeth before brushing or flossing.
Do not rub or rub floss on damaged teeth.
If you are also experiencing tooth decay, consult a dentist as soon as possible.
Watch the wound. As long as the wound is healing, you need to pay attention to the process. Watch for signs that the wound isn’t healing properly or that other problems are developing. Seek medical help if you experience:
blood flow does not stop after 10 minutes;
very painful wound;
Change your diet. Most likely, your tongue will feel stiff and sensitive. For a few days after your tongue injury, you should change the food you eat. Thus, you reduce pain and prevent further tongue injury.
Avoid hard foods and eat soft foods.
Also avoid foods that are too hot or cold.
Wait for the wound to heal completely. Most tongue sores will heal on their own. After first aid and treatment, the next step is to wait for your wound to heal completely. How long, will depend on the size/severity of the wound.
Treating Wounds That Require Stitches
Explain the process. Usually, the ones affected by mouth injuries are children, especially when playing. They may feel curious or anxious before seeing a doctor for tongue stitches. Explain to them what will happen and why the stitches are needed. Reassure them that stitches are a good thing and important for healing.
Take the antibiotics given. If you are given antibiotics to fight an infection, you will need to take them as given. You will need to finish all of the antibiotics even if you feel better or feel that your infection is over.
Watch the food. Your tongue will feel sensitive and certain foods or drinks will make your injury worse. If you experience pain or discomfort while chewing certain foods, stop eating them until your tongue heals completely.
Avoid hot food or drinks while your mouth is still stiff after receiving stitches.
Avoid foods that are hard or need to be chewed for a long time.
Your doctor may give you additional instructions.
Don’t play with the stitches. Even though your stitches may feel uncomfortable, avoid playing with your stitches (pulling/biting). Doing so will only weaken your stitches and even loosen them.
Watch your healing process. As your wound begins to heal, pay close attention to the process to make sure that everything goes smoothly. Pay attention to your stitches and the wound itself; consult a doctor if you find problems such as:
your seams are loose or loose;
the blood leaks again, and does not stop after being pressured;
increased swelling or pain;